The day HBO was hacked

It was thirty years ago. HBO had only been in business for a little over a decade. Cable TV was thriving, and satellite TV hadn’t really taken off. Back in those days if you wanted satellite you needed a huge dish and an equally huge amount of patience. A satellite uplink operator calling himself “Captain Midnight” took control of HBO’s feed to protest its encryption and the high prices charged to customers. The story became legend, recounted several times including this 2007 entry.

At the time it was seen as a bit of a prank, and although the offending officer ended up paying a hefty fine, his world otherwise returned to normal. That, if nothing else, tells you how different the world is today compared to back then. Today I imagine that he’d be sent on a one-way trip to Guantanamo, never to be heard from again. That sort of thing is taken much more seriously now than it was then.

Back in the 1980s, pay-TV was considered big business, to be sure, but nothing like it is today. There were very few national players in the game, and most cable TV systems were locally managed by small operators. The “multiple system operator,” the big dog in the cable TV world, may have owned a dozen systems and maybe had 250k subscribers. Today’s big players have tens of millions. At the same time, the business of putting up cable channels has blossomed too, with hundreds and hundreds of them generating billions upon billions of dollars.

Remember too, that this was only about 15 years from the days when hippies, phone “phreaks” and other outsiders captured the popular imagination. People fighting back against the system were seen as modern-day Robin Hoods or liberators of information that was being held for ransom by big businesses. Today, there are certainly still people who think that way but there’s been a backlash and it started about the time “Captain Midnight” pulled his stunt. Businesses have rights, too, and it’s become fairly popular to defend them.

In the decade after the “Captain Midnight” event, price inflation for cable channels slowed, satellite TV was born, and a few individuals quietly started building the online world. In the decade after that, a massive, massive shift occured – information went from being incredibly valuable to being a free commodity given to people in order to sell ads. Copying content went from being difficult and confusing to being routine, to the extent that most companies finally gave up and set fair prices to discourage piracy. HBO not only recovered but thrived, turning into the pioneering online and pay-TV service it is today. Captain Midnight, now in his mid-50s, disappeared from public view and only surfaces on the anniversaries of his stunt. So it would seem that while there have been winners and losers on both sides, HBO wasn’t hurt by that little stunt 30 years ago. It just showed them what a dedicated individual is capable of.

About the Author

Stuart Sweet
Stuart Sweet is the editor-in-chief of The Solid Signal Blog and a "master plumber" at Signal Group, LLC. He is the author of over 8,000 articles and longform tutorials including many posted here. Reach him by clicking on "Contact the Editor" at the bottom of this page.