The internet never forgets. A customer pointed out an ancient web site to me, and on that site it claims that cell phones have a range of 45-55 miles. This is most definitely not true and I don’t think it was ever true. So what’s the real story?
Normal cell phone range: 1-2 miles
That’s right, you need to be 1-2 miles away from a cell tower at all times. Today’s LTE technology requires very closely spaced towers in order to work. Luckily the tower equipment can be very small and can be mounted on power poles. You’ll also find cell sites on the sides of buildings.
If you’re lucky: 5-7 miles
It’s actually not impossible to get some sort of signal for 5-7 miles around a cell tower. Generally it will be voice only or very slow data. In cases like this you’re talking about older equipment and very large towers. Today’s towers are smaller and easier to hide, but they are lower in power.
It’s also possible to get range like that if you have real, uninterrupted line of site. I’m talking about being on the water and seeing a tower that’s onshore. Or, in another case, being far from a major city and seeing the top of a tall building. Naturalists can also get pretty good range if they are on the top of a mountain and can see a cell tower in the distance. Realistically though you should not rely on these numbers. If you get cell service 7 miles from a tower that’s great, but don’t expect it.
Where did that other number come from?
Honestly I don’t know. Perhaps someone confused it with television or radio reception. I will say that older, analog phones tend to work at longer distances. The phones themselves had larger antennas and higher transmit power. They needed it to overcome the problems that you have with analog signals. It also was much more common to have massive cell towers right out in the open. No one much wants this anymore.
The fact that we’ve moved from analog to digital cell phones solves one urban legend that just won’t go away. It’s a well known fact that people called their loved ones from the planes on September 11, 2001 and yet it’s practically impossible to get cell service on a plane today. It’s not a conspiracy to make you pay for in-flight Wi-Fi. It’s that the older phones had a range of up to 10 miles, which meant they performed fairly well at high altitudes. Today’s phones just don’t.
What can you do if you need more range
You can get better reception indoors by putting up a cellular signal booster. If there’s even one bar of signal outside, putting up a large antenna and using a cell booster will help you get great signal inside. I can’t say for sure that you’ll be able to get past 5-7 miles but it’s certainly going to help. Every situation is different, but as I said even one bar can become a nice strong signal with a little bit of help.